American State Trials, Volume Ten, published in 1918 by John Davison Lawson LL.D.
Beginning on page 182, an interpretation of the Leo M. Frank case by Lawson sympathetic to the defense position is featured and then followed by an abridged version of the 1913 Leo Frank trial testimony (July 28, 1913 to August 21, 1913), and closing arguments (August 21 - 25, 1913).
Leo Frank was charged with the Confederate Memorial, Saturday, April 26, 1913, murder of 13 year old "little" Mary Phagan (If you would like to read the unabridged version of the Leo Frank trial testimony digest, download the more complete unabridged 1913 Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence, from the references section below. The Leo Frank trial brief of evidence is also contained within the 1,800 page Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court records (1913, 1914).
The elusive closing arguments (August 21 to 25, 1913) of State's Prosecution Lawyers, Hugh Manson Dorsey and Mr. Frank Arthur Hooper, and Leo Frank's Defense Team Attorneys, Reuben Rose Arnold and Luther Zeigler Rosser are featured in this 1918 work, but unfortunately they are abridged. For the complete closing arguments of defense and prosecution counselors, they are published in the three Atlanta dailies of the time, Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta Georgian and Atlanta Journal, and a stand alone book was produced of prosecutor Hugh Dorsey's closing arguments at the trial of Leo Frank.
Leo Frank got the last word at his trial on August 21, 1913, then arguments began for the next 4 days. There was no open court held on Sunday August 24, 1913. Hugh Dorsey completed his closing arguments at twelve noon on August 25, 1913, as church bells tolled a distant part of the city. I caused many people in attendance of the court to involuntarily shiver.
The four separate closing arguments are required reading, as they summarize the most salient points of the Leo Frank Trial. Be sure to read them in this volume as they are published in no other contemporary book.
At high-noon on August 25, 1913, after Dorsey concluded his final arguments, the presiding judge gave the jury its instructions (see: Leo Frank GSC records). The jury was sent away to private quarters for deliberation, where they discussed the facts of the case for 2 hours. Upon the jury returning to the courtroom later that afternoon, the presiding judge Leonard Strickland Roan asked if they had made a decision and the foreman announced that they had voted unanimously to convict Leo M. Frank and also recommended that he be sentenced to death. Judge Roan agreeing with the verdict and death sentence, affirmed them both, with the sentencing added in the official record, scheduled for October 10, 1913. The death sentence was postponed when Leo Frank's attorneys filed for an appeal to Judge Roan. After the appeal for a new trial to the presiding trial judge on 107 grounds was rejected on October 31, 1913, the case was followed by review from the Georgia Supreme Court.
The Georgia Supreme Court ruled Leo Frank had a fair trial and that the evidence was sufficient for a guilty verdict.
On March 7th 1914, Superior Court Judge Benjamin H. Hill, re-sentenced Leo Frank to hang by the neck until dead, scheduled for his 30th birthday, April 17, 1914 (Leo Frank was born on April 17, 1884 in Cuero Texas). Only two days later on March 9th, 1914, a jailhouse interview was publish in the Atlanta Constitution, making public that Leo Frank again admitted he had gone to the men's toilet in the metal room (located at the back of the second floor) to account for why his office might have been empty when Monteen Stover had been there on April 26, 1913 between 12:05pm - 12:10pm to collect her pay.
Atlanta Constitution, March 9, 1914.
The March 9th, 1914 published Leo Frank jailhouse interview was a major turning point in the case, because he again placed himself at the scene of the crime and exactly when in the timeline it was theorized by the prosecution and police that Mary Phagan had been murdered. In State's Exhibit B (Created on Monday, April 28, 1913, and published August 2nd, 1913 in the Atlanta Constitution), submitted as evidence at the trial, it revealed Leo Frank had told Atlanta police in an unsworn deposition that he was alone with Mary Phagan in his office between 12:05pm - 12:10pm. However, Leo Frank was unaware that Monteen Stover was waiting in his office at this exact same time. This inconsistency was rectified by Leo Frank on August 18, 1913 when he mounted the witness stand and he made an incriminating statement that ineluctably entrapped himself beyond escape.
Leo Frank Appeals
The chronology of post trial conviction appeals (August 27, 1913 to April 1915) is highlighted with some commentary, however if you want to read the 1,800 pages of Georgia legal documents detailing the criminal activity of the Leo Frank defense team, you will need to read the Leo M. Frank Georgia Supreme Court case documents and responses of Hugh M. Dorsey made to the criminal conspiracy that occurred during the Frank appeals process.
The major pivotal event at the conclusion of the 2 years of failed appeals was the controversial commutation of Leo Frank's death sentence, reduced to life in prison, on June 21, 1915, the partner of Leo Frank's lead trial attorney Luther Rosser. The outgoing and corrupt Governor John M. Slaton, was a senior law partner and majority owner of the lawfirm representing Leo Frank at his 1913 murder trial. The firm was called, 'Rosser, Brandon, Slaton and Phillips', the 'Slaton' was Governor John M. Slaton. This powerful lawfirm had formed in early May, 1913, right after Leo Frank was arrested and because the prime suspect.
July 17, 1915
At the Milledgeville Prison Farm, William Creen, a fellow psychopathic murderer and a prison inmate sentenced to life, "shanked" Leo Frank while he was sleeping, using a seven inch butcher knife. Leo Frank barely survived the attack.
August 17, 1915
Finally a very detailed account of the events leading up to the abduction of Leo Frank from the Milledgeville prison on the evening of August 16, 1915 and his lynching the morning of August 17, 1915 is provided.
Politics and Tensions
What made the sensational, month-long murder trial so unlikely from the start and caused this case to later be followed nationally by the curious public, is not just the international Jewish media campaign attempting to frame the whole affair as an anti-Semitic injustice, but it would be the first time across American history, in the Black and White racially segregated South, the testimony of two African-Americans, Jim Conley and Newt Lee, would become an integral part of the overall collective testimony and evidence presented to an all White jury, that helped to successfully convict a White man.
The Selig's personal cook Magnolia "Minola" McKnight
On June 4th 1913, the Selig's African-American cook, Magnolia "Minola" McKnight, would deny her shocking June 3rd 1913 affidavit, known as State's Exhibit J. The halfhearted repudiation of her incriminating deposition to the police would not be believed when all things were considered looking back on the case. Thus Minola McKnight, would become the 3rd African-American whose evidence would help build the case against Leo Frank. Though it was Minola's husband Albert McKnight who ultimately tipped off the police leading to the creation of State's exhibit J. Albert had informed his boss at the Greg hardware company about what his wife told him in private about the Selig family. Albert's affidavit was only recently released online after having been suppressed by Leo Frank's defenders for almost 100 years. See: 1,800 page Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court records.
What is State's Exhibit J?
State's Exhibit J, is about conversations Minola McKnight had with Lucille Selig Frank concerning what transpired on the late evening of April 26, 1913, at around 10:30pm. Allegedly, it was during that fateful evening, a drunk, remorseful and suicidal Leo Frank, confessed to his wife in a roundabout way to killed Mary Phagan. Leo Frank broke down in dismay and told Lucille Selig Frank he didn't understand why he would murder. Leo Frank then asked Lucille to get his pistol so he could shoot himself. Frank then made his wife sleep beside their bed on a floor rug. Their bedroom was above the dining room, where the phone would ring off the hook all night long.
The most important testimony at the trial did not come from the African-American janitor Jim Conley or the African-American Nightwatchman Newt Lee, but from a 14 year old White girl named Monteen Stover, who stood at only 5'1" tall (or two inches taller than Mary Phagan), she inadvertently broke Leo Frank's alibi wide open.
Breakthrough at the National Pencil Company, Saturday, May 3rd, 1913
Monteen Stover who worked on the 4th floor had been laid off on the prior Monday and she was unaware that signs had been posted around the factory (4 notices on every floor) that because of the State holiday, Georgia Confederate Memorial Day falling on a Saturday, it would necessitate employees being paid off on Friday evening, April 25, 1913, instead of the normal payoff time of Saturday at noon.
On May 3, 1913, the following week, Monteen Stover had returned to collect her pay envelope at the factory's business office on the second floor, she had been unable to get her wages the Saturday before on April 26, 1913, because Leo M. Frank was not there at the normal prescribed time people regularly would come to pick up their paychecks, which was every Saturday at noon. For Monteen Stover this precise time segment of five minutes was 12:05 pm to 12:10 pm, April 26, 1913, she knew the specific time because she looked at the large wooden clock on Leo Frank's wall.
With this curious information provided by Monteen Stover to investigators, who were at the factory on Saturday, the police followed up and approached an oblivious Leo Frank in jail on Sunday, May 4th, 1913, they asked him about where he was that Saturday afternoon from noon onward.
Leo Frank specifically told detective John R. Black and Pinkerton detective Harry A. Scott that he was in his second floor office at the factory every single minute from noon to 12:45pm. These investigators then asked Frank if he was in his office every minute between noon and 12:30pm, followed by Frank saying yes affirmatively.
To compound problems for Leo Frank, after being sworn under oath, he told the Coroners Inquest Jury on Monday, May 5th, & again on Thursday, May 8th 1913, he did not use the bathroom at all on April 26, 1913, leaving the Coroner Paul Donehoo and his jury of six men incredulous as would be expected. The Coroner also asked Leo Frank if he left his office at all between noon and 12:20pm on the day of the murder, and Leo Frank replied "No" (AC, AG, AJ, Coroner's Inquest, May 5th, & 8th, 1913).
Monteen Stover Character Witness
What made matters most ironic was that Monteen Stover liked Leo Frank on a personal level, tending to have been a positive character defense witness for Leo Frank at the trial, by countering the numerous sexual harassment allegations that came from former child employees of the pencil factory leveled at Frank. More than a bakers dozen of pre-teen and teenage girls who worked in various positions as child laborers in the sweatshop like environment of the National Pencil Company, testified Leo Frank made unmistakable and aggressive lascivious behaviors and innuendos towards them. The defense refused to cross examine these 19 girls for fear they might reveal all the lurid details about what happened.
Leo Frank was not in his office from 12:05 PM to 12:10 PM on April 26, 1913
Monteen Stover testified to the grand jury and petite trial jury the fact about Leo Frank not being in either his inner or outer second floor business office between 12:05pm and 12:10pm on April 26th 1913. Monteen Stover said when she had arrived in Leo Frank's office, she looked around for Leo Frank and waited in his second floor office for 5 minutes from 12:05pm to 12:10 pm, because she wanted to collect her weekly pay due to her every Saturday at noon (No one ever disputed this fact at the trial, especially not even the defense lawyers). Leo Frank's accounting records indicated Monteen Stover was telling the truth about being owed money, and Saturday was the day employees were scheduled to be paid off according to others who testified.
When Monteen Stover couldn't find Leo Frank, she then looked down the hall from Leo Frank's second floor office, directly at the glass door of the metal room, describing it as being closed shut. Stover left at 12:10PM, because she thought the factory might have been deserted. When asked how she knew what time it was, she answered the clock on the wall in Leo Frank's office.
Monteen Stover's testimony left people presuming Leo Frank was in the metal room between 12:05pm and 12:10pm, when he sexually assaulted and garroted Phagan. Leo Frank would later accidentally affirm it, during his murder trial on August 18, 1913, at 2:45pm, 30 minutes into his four hour statement to the jury, with what some of suggested amounted to a kind of unmistakable virtual murder confession. Though Leo Frank always maintained his innocence during appeals, thus Leo Frank's statements were not actually a confession but ineluctably incriminating.
The Leo Frank's Most Incriminating Statement to the Jury on August 18, 1913
It was on August 18th 1913, Leo Frank mounted the witness stand at 2:15PM at his trial, and would retort to the specific testimony given by Monteen Stover (about Leo Frank not being in his office from 12:05pm to 12:10pm), with a most unexpected, mind-boggling blunder, an admission inescapably entrapping himself. Leo Frank changed the alibi he had stoically maintained for more than 3 months that he never left his office during the time Phagan had arrived.
Leo Frank's Retort About the Inconsistency in his Murder Alibi Caused by Monteen Stover:
Now gentlemen [of the Jury], to the best of my recollection from the time the whistle blew for twelve o’clock [noon on Saturday, April 26, 1913] until after a quarter to one [12:46 p.m.] when I went up stairs [to the fourth floor] and spoke to Arthur White and Harry Denham, to the best of my recollection, I did not stir out of the inner office [located at the front of the second floor]; but it is possible that in order to answer a call of nature or to urinate I may have gone to the toilet [in the metal room located at the rear of the second floor between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm]. Those are things that a man does unconsciously and cannot tell how many times nor when he does it (Leo Frank Trial Statement, August 18, Brief of Evidence, 1913, p.186).
(Also See: August 2nd, 1913, and March 9th, 1914, issue of the Atlanta Constitution for State's Exhibit B and Leo Frank's jailhouse interview, respectively)
"Unconsciously" Going to the Bathroom in the Metal Room
In response to Monteen Stover, Leo Frank testified he may have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom in the metalroom to use the toilet or to urinate to account for his lapse of unaccountable time in his empty office between 12:05 to 12:10 PM. This testimony was so grossly damaging to him, because in order to get to the bathroom, one has to physically walk into and through the second floor metal room where the bathroom was located inside. There were no other bathrooms on the second floor, but in the metal room.
The State's prosecution team led by Hugh Dorsey spent nearly 4 weeks in total, during the longest criminal trial in Southern history at the time, building it's entire case and successfully convincing the Judge and Jury, that Leo M. Frank murdered Mary Phagan in the second floor metal room between 12:05 pm and 12:10 pm on Confederate Memorial Day, April 26th 1913.
The 12:05 pm to 12:10 pm murder time frame was decided upon by the prosecution because, it was this exact time range given by Frank to Atlanta police on Monday, April 28, 1913, when Leo said Mary Phagan had come into his office on April 26, 1913. The deposition was entered as evidence: State's Exhibit B.
State's Prosecution Attorneys Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey and Frank Arthur Hooper would articulate Frank's incriminating statements in their closing arguments in late August 1913 in a matter of sentences for a balanced reason. The prosecution tried to give every piece of incriminating evidence equal weight in their arguments, not putting too much emphasis on each point, rather they acted as if each point of incriminating evidence were a thread, bound together with many threads to make an invincible hangman's noose (See: Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey, 1913).
The August 18, 1913, Leo Frank revelation was the first time in Southern U.S. history, that the prime suspect indicted for murder would validate the prosecutions murder theory. People are still flabbergasted by it today, but most re-tellings of the story by pro-Jewish sources leave out this curious detail. Few people have heard about it for the last 100 years, until the 21st century.
The Jury, August 25, 1913
With less than 2 hours of deliberation, the jury had arrived at it's unanimous decision with a verdict of guilt and unanimously made a sentencing recommendation of without mercy (they voted 12 to 0 for the criminal sentencing of execution for Leo Frank by way of hanging).
The Presiding Judge Leonard Stickland Roan
On August 26, 1913, Judge Leonard Stickland Roan agreeing with the conviction, affirmed it and sentenced Leo Frank to death, scheduled for October 10th, 1913. However, the date would be rescheduled again and again until 1915, because of appeals.
On March 9, 1914, the Atlanta Constitution published an interview of Leo Frank while he was incarcerated in jail awaiting news of his appeals. In the interview, Leo Frank reconfirmed his August 18, 1913, metalroom bathroom contradiction to explain why Monteen Stover found his office empty between 12:05pm and 12:10pm on April 26, 1913. Read the Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview
Leo Frank Appeals, August 27, 1913 - April, 1915
Two embarrassing years of frivolous appeals were made at the State and Federal Court Systems, because it was found out Leo M. Frank's legal defense team members were criminally manufacturing affidavits and bribing people to false swear to lies or repudiate their original trial testimony. Leo Frank exhausted his final appeal April 19, 1915.
In May of 1915, Leo Frank had one last hope, and appealed his case to the unscrupulous 60th Governor of Georgia, John Marshall Slaton, who was part owner of the law firm representing Leo Frank at the infamous Southern trial of the century.
When Georgian Governor John M. Slaton, commuted the death sentence of his own law firm's client, Leo Frank, to life in prison on June 21st 1915, there was public outrage at the perceived gross conflict of interest. Slaton had violated his oath of office to uphold the State and Federal constitution. Most people believed John M. Slaton was disqualified from being able to make an impartial decision in terms of whether or not to give Leo Frank clemency against the official wishes of the Judge, trial Jury and two years of majority and unanimous decisions at every level of the United States appellate courts.
Betrayal of the Oath to the Constitution of the United States of America
Southerners raged indignantly, because Governor John M. Slaton on the last page of his 29-page commutation order said he was sustaining the decisions by the judge, jury and appeals courts, but changing one equal punishment for another.
What also made matters hard to swallow is Governor John M. Slaton completely disregarded the sworn trial testimony of Newt Lee, Harry Scott, Monteen Stover, Jim Conley, and Leo Frank whose testimony incriminated Leo Frank as guilty well beyond a reasonable doubt.
Protesting the Decision
Immediately after the commutation of Leo Frank, a demonstration of 1,200 people marched on John M. Slaton's residence at the Governor's mansion, and in a terrified response, the government had the armed national guard not been called in to disperse the crowd, their was widespread fear John Slaton would have been lynched. Slaton had been hanged in effigy.
Leo Frank Transferred to the State Penitentiary
After the John M. Slaton clemency scandal, Leo Frank was secretly whisked away to Milledgeville, Georgia, a minimum security work farm more than 150 miles from Atlanta.
On July 17, 1915, an inmate shanked Leo Frank, slashing his left jugular vein with a 7 inch butcher knife. Leo Frank barely survived the attack and his wounds were slow to heal in the hot and humid Georgia summer. One month later, Leo Frank would meet his verdict by a group of vigilantes.
Lynch Party Conspiracy
A well organized lynch party came together in critical mass immediately after the Leo Frank commutation order of June 21, 1915, it was a group comprised of elite men that donned themselves the "The Knights of Mary Phagan", formed by the leadership of Georgia's most prominent members of government and the upper crust members of Marietta citizenry.
Nearly two months after the June 21, 1915, commutation, the lynch party launched one of the most audacious prison breaks in US history, in an unprecedented commando style raid, unleashed with military precision, they seized and abducted Leo Frank from the Milledgeville prison infirmery on August 16, 1915 at about 11:00 pm. The abduction was so well executed it was achieved without a single shot being fired.
The lynch party made up of several dozen men drove Leo Frank 170 miles from Milledgeville all through the night in a tailgate party conga line, of slow rolling model-T fords at approximately 18 miles an hour. The caravan of lynch party members delivered Leo Frank to his final destination at Sheriff William J. Frey's farm and cotton gin (now 1200 Roswell Road, Marietta, Ga), the preplanned place Leo Frank was to be hanged. The execution site was a location in close proximity of where Mary had once lived and was buried.
A 3/4" manila rope was prepped into a hang mans noose, it was thrown over a sturdy oak tree branch the thickness of a mans th, and the loop was placed snugly around Leo Frank's neck. Leo Frank was carefully hoisted onto a small table by four men, two on either side of him, to hold him steady. With the vertical noose securely snug around Leo Frank's neck, the other end of the rope was tied off to a nearby tree with no slack, the sentence of the Jury was read by an official Judge and the table was kicked away.
In a normal hanging, the person falls through a trap door and their neck is broken, causing them to instantly go into shock and die, in this case, Leo Frank did not have enough room to fall when the table was kicked away and as a result he was strangled midair, dying the same way Mary Phagan had died 2 and a quarter years earlier.
Leo Frank was properly lynched on the morning of August 17th, 1915 at 7:17 am, for the bludgeon, rape and strangulation of 13 year old Mary Anne Phagan (1899 - 1913).
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith
Leo Frank was Atlanta chapter president of the elite Jewish Fraternal organization B'nai B'rith, his August 1913 conviction became part of the impetus for the creation of the Jewish Anti-Defamation League (ADL) of B'nai B'rith in October 1913. Leo Frank continued to run Altanta B'nai B'rith while he was in jail waiting for his appeals to resolve the question of whether or not he had a fair trial and was given due process of law.
More excellent books and reading on the subject include:
1. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan by Mary Phagan Kean (Available here on www.Archive.org). Written by Mary Phagan Kean, the grand niece of Mary Phagan. A neutral account of the events surrounding the trial of Leo Frank. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan is well worth reading and it is a refreshing change from the endless number of Jewish and contemporary books turning the Leo Frank case into a neurotic race obsessed tabloid controversy.
2. American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Davison Lawson LLD (Available here on www.Archive.org) Tends to be biased in favor of Leo Frank and his legal defense team, this document provides an abridged version of the Brief of Evidence, leaving out some important things said and omitting details when it republishes parts of the trial testimony. Be sure to read the closing arguments of Luther Zeigler Rosser, Reuben Rose Arnold, Frank Arthur Hooper and Hugh Manson Dorsey. For a more complete version of the Leo M. Frank trial testimony, read the 1913 murder trial brief of evidence found on www.archive.org and you can see what was left out.
3. Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank (Available here on www.archive.org). Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial. About 18 Libraries in the world have copies of this books. This is required reading to see how Dorsey in sales vernacular 'closed' a Jury of 12 men and Judge Roan who voted 13 to 0 against Leo Frank.
(Available here on www.Archive.org). Tom Watson's best work on the Leo M. Frank case was published in September 1915. Watson's five works written collectively on the Leo M. Frank topic, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with superb reasoning.
These five works are absolutely required reading for anyone interested in learning about the Leo M. Frank Case. Tom Watson's magazine publications surged from 30,000 to 100,000 readership, when it was announced he would be writing on the Leo Frank case. These magazines are extremely rare and very difficult to find. However they have been scanned and are available on www.Archive.org
Though Tom Watson is considered a controversial figure by some, when one puts the rhetoric aside, his writings on the Leo Frank case are quite lucid, making a very complex trial easy to understand.
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Weekly Newspaper
9. The archive of Tom E. Watson Digital Papers, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, contains the full collection of Jeffersonian Newspapers: http://www.lib.unc.edu/dc/watson
Leo Frank cult members (known as Frankites) are posing as neutral reviewers and attempting to convince people not to read Tom Watson's analysis about the Frank-Phagan affair. Watson's analysis of the case is the controversial forbidden fruit of truth that have been censored for more than 100 years. For a nearly complete selection of: Tom Watson's Jeffersonian newspaper articles related to the Murder of Mary Phagan and Leo Frank Case. Tom Watson discusses the Leo Frank Case in his Jeffersonian Newspapers from 1914 to 1917.
November 4, 2012 Subject:
the abridged brief of evidence speaks for itself. leo is guilty without a shadow of doubt.
April 25, 2011 Subject:
Great insight into Frank conviction
This is a great synopsis of what convicted Frank in the murder of Mary Phagan, namely the discrepancies in the timeline the day of the murder. In particular, Monteen Stover's testimony that Frank was not in his office at the time of the murder was, quite literally, damning to Frank.
April 24, 2011 Subject:
With all the evidence and witnesses testimonies about his bad character there can't be any doubt that Leo Frank could have been the only one who raped and cruely murdered Mary Phagan.
This book shows in detail how Leo Frank had gotten a fair chance in court and even though he tried to fool the court and also scapegoat an innocent negro with the murder, This book shows in detail how Leo Frank has gotten a fair chance in court and even though he tried to fool the court and also scapegoat an innocent negro with the murder, in the end has gotten his deserved verdict.
April 24, 2011 Subject:
The evidence is there
I do not think there is anything that suggests that Leo Frank was innocent based on the evidence. Leo got really arrogant and thought that he could play the good people of Georgia by making it seem like a black person did it when he didn't. The work shows that Leo was not deprived of any defense in court and had all opportunity to defend himself.
It's really funny how this reviewer pretends that Tom Watson is an objective analyst. He was a bigot, whose writings are easy to find - they supported the KKK, were anti-black, anti-semitic and anti-Catholic. And he persecuted Leo Frank, inciting the lynching that took his life. And Watson celebrated the lynching afterward! Please check nout the writings of this supposed objective analyst and you'll understand why his words, 100 years later, are just as false today as they were then.
April 16, 2011 Subject:
The final arguments of the Leo M. Frank case were a very interesting read (Arnold, Rosser, Hooper and Dorsey). It would have been nice had Lawson spent more time on the two year appeals process. There seemed to be way too much trimming of the trial testimony republished from the official Leo Frank trial Brief of Evidence (1913) record. The five books on the Leo Frank trial by Tom Watson (Jan, March, August, September and October 1915) are an absolute required reading for anyone interested in the Leo Frank case. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan, by Mary Phagan Kean is a great read to follow up with after reading the five works by Tom Watson. Then read the brief of evidence, and it should all come together clearly.
December 19, 2010 Subject:
Good overview of the Leo M. Frank Case
An enjoyable read, but Lawson chopped out a lot of trial testimony damaging against Leo Frank. The arguments, appeals chronology and lynching are properly covered and with good details.